The concept of One Health has been around for centuries, but the official term was adopted in 2004. Despite its devastation for human health, the COVID-19 pandemic had the advantage of raising awareness regarding the One Health approach globally. A “One Health High Level Expert Panel” (OHHLEP) was launched in June 2021 – the OHHLEP proposed a definition for the One Health approach on Dec 1 2021, at the same time as a special World Health Assembly session was taking place to initiate discussions about a potential pandemic treaty. In April 2022, the World Health Organization, the World Organization for Animal Health, the Food and Agriculture Organization and the United National Environment Programme signed a memorandum of understanding to form a quadripartite to tackle One Health challenges through a legal agreement. In this seminar, I will present the various health issues where the One Health approach is relevant with an emphasis on the role of the “environment” component of One Health.
About the Speaker
Dr. Hélène Carabin (DVM, MSc in Veterinary Epidemiology, PhD in Epidemiology and Biostatistics) is a Full Professor in the Department of Pathology and Microbiology at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and in the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the School of Public Health of the Université de Montréal. She holds the Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Epidemiology and One Health. Her research programme focuses on the implementation of large-scale studies and intervention to better understand risk factors and burden of infectious diseases and to evaluate control programmes, with an emphasis on diseases affecting the most vulnerable populations, and zoonotic diseases, always adopting a One Health approach. She co-leads two pan-Canadian networks, one on One Health governance of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance (Global 1HN) and the other on modeling emerging infections (OMNI-RÉUNIS) while taking into account the One Health approach. She leads the Research group on the epidemiology of zoonoses and public health (GREZOSP), leads the “Global One Health” Pillar of the Centre de Recherche en Santé Publique (CReSP) and is a Commissioner on the One Health Lancet Commission. She has published >150 research articles and 10 book chapters.